Neurodevelopmental disorders are disabilities associated primarily with the functioning of the neurological system and brain. Children with neurodevelopmental disorders can experience difficulties with language and speech, motor skills, behavior, memory, learning, or other neurological functions.
Neurodevelopmental disorders result when complex genetic and environmental factors come together to change brain development. Delays or deficits usually show up early in a child’s development, many times before the child enters elementary school, and can continue throughout the individual’s lifetime.
While the symptoms and behaviours of neurodevelopmental disabilities often change or evolve as a child grows older, some disabilities are permanent. Diagnosis and treatment of these disorders can vary involving a combination of professional therapy, medication, and home- and school-based programs.
Neurodevelopmental Disorders include: